Investigating the Place of Social Capital in the Spatial Evolution of Rural Settlements (Case study: Esfandgha District of Jirof County)

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 SHahid Beheshti University

2 Rural planning

10.22067/jrrp.2021.65497.0

Abstract

Purpose- Social capital, as one of the fundamental elements of rural transformation, provides the ground for changes in spatial dimensions such as ecological, socio-economic, and physical infrastructure. Lack of attention to social capital and its dimensions causes numerous challenges in rural development, and their sustainability faces fundamental challenges. The fundamental purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of improving the dimensions of social capital in the spatial evolution of rural settlements in Esfandagheh.
Design/methodology/approach- The present study was quantitative and survey methods and based on questionnaire tools in 400 households and 30 sample villages. For analyzing social capital's position in the spatial evolution of rural settlements in the study area, descriptive-analytical methods such as mean difference, variance, standard deviation, Kendall-Tau - b correlation coefficient, and multiple regression were used.
Findings: The findings revealed that the six dimensions of social awareness, social organization, social networks and groups, social participation, social cohesion, and social trust from the dimensions of social capital have a positive and significant relationship with the dimensions of the spatial evolution of rural settlements. Also, there is a positive and significant relationship between the dimensions of social capital and spatial developments in each of the four environmental, ecological, social, economic, and physical dimensions of the studied villages. Also, the dimensions of social awareness, social participation, social cohesion, social trust, network, and social relations and the formation and social groups of 0.433% variance were explained as predictors of spatial changes in Esfandagheh Rural District.
Practical implications- Paying attention to the dimensions of social capital in the approaches and planning and policy-making system of rural development and subsequently finding the importance of social capital as one of the most important intangible assets to improve the spatial evolution of rural settlements.
Originality/value: Although numerous studies have been conducted on social capital's effects on development, few studies have analyzed the developments in rural areas affected by social capital. Therefore, what distinguishes this research from previous research is that this research's attention to the changes of all dimensions of rural space is affected by improving the dimensions of social capital.

Keywords



Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 01 November 2021
  • Receive Date: 05 September 2020
  • Revise Date: 09 August 2021
  • Accept Date: 01 November 2021