The Spatial Analysis of the Distribution of Agro-Processing Industries in Rural Areas of Guilan Province, Iran

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

University of Guilan

Abstract

Purpose- The growing attention to rural development issues has created a strong trend in related scientific communities, as over the last few years one can see the traces of this thinking in many relevant scientific trends. One of the most important relevant subjects was job creation using the resources available in rural areas in line with their industrialization and the emergence of agro-processing industries. Spatial distribution of rural industries, spatial justice and their fair distribution based on the distribution of rural settlements have been among the most important concerns in this field. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the distribution of agro-processing industries with a spatial approach in rural areas of Gilan Province. 
Design/methodology/approach- This research is an applied one conducted in a descriptive-analytical method. The collected data were analyzed using the average nearest neighbor, multi-distance spatial cluster analysis, mean center and standard deviational ellipse. Results showed that industries in rural areas of Gilan Province have been located in clusters.
Finding- That is, their sites were selected with an eye to favorable conditions such as proximity to cities, population centers and markets, access to infrastructure, proximity to political and decision-making centers, access to major roads, access to more raw materials and cheaper agro-processing industries. Such industries are often located in the counties of Rasht, Rudsar, Astar, Talesh, Lahijan, Langrud and Sowmehsara. Therefore, the officials in charge should make plans to establish agro-processing industries in a more scattered and diverse manner in Gilan Province.  
 

Keywords


Abazari, A., & Hosseini Yakani, S. (1393/2014). Spatial prioritization of agro-processing and complementary industries (A case study of Mazandaran Province). Iranian Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development Research, 45(1), 175-182. [In Persian] doi:10.22059/ijaedr.2014.51590.
Akbari Sagalaksari, Z., & Pour Ramadan, I. (1397/2018). Spatial prioritization of agro-processing industries in Rasht using Topsis. Iranian Journal of Regional Planning, 8(30), 103-114. [In Persian] http://jzpm.miau. ac.ir/article_2916.html?lang. [In Persian].
Alayu, E., & Yirgu, Z. (2018). Advanced technologies for the treatment of wastewaters from agro-processing industries and cogeneration of by-products: a case of slaughterhouse, dairy and beverage industries. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 15(7), 1581-1596.
Amiri, Z., Kavousi, Sh., & Tabasi, M. (1396/2017). Prioritizing the development of agro-processing and complementary industries in Guilan province. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development. 100, 125-146. [In Persian] http://aead.agri-peri.ac.ir/article_60997.html.
Anabestani, A., Vaez Tabasi, A., & Soltani, A. (1398/2019). Sustainable location of agro-processing industries (A case study of Zanjan River District, Zanjan Province). Iranian Journal of Sustainable Development of Rural Environment, 1(1), 56-69. [In Persian] http://egsdejournal.sbu.ac.ir
Asgari, A. (1390/2011). Spatial Statistics Analysis with ARC GIS, (1st Ed.). Tehran: ICT Organization of Tehran Municipality press. [In Persian].
Azimi, N. (1382/2003). Methodology of Residential Networks, (1st Ed.). Tehran: Research Center for Urban Planning and Architecture Studies press. [In Persian].
Badri, S., & Taherkhani, M. (1387/2008). An Introduction to sustainable rural development. Tehran: Organization of Municipalities and Rural Administrators press. [In Persian].
Balali, H., Saadi, H., & Qazvineh, S. (1394/2015). The prioritization of investment for the development of agro-processing industries using Delphi method: A case study of Hamadan County. Iranian Journal of  Rural Research and Planning, 4(1), 149-159. [In Persian] doi:10.22067/jrrp.v4i9.34997.
Derbile, E. K., Abubakari, A., & Dinye, R. D. (2012). Diagnosing challenges of small-scale industries in Ghana: a case of agro-processing industries in Kassena-Nankana District. African Journal of Business Management, 47, 11657-11648. Doi: 10.5897/AJBM12.620.
Eghbali, J., Asadi, A., & Shaban Ali Fami, H. (1397/2018). The problems of expanding agro-processing and complementary industries in Frieden). Iranian Journal of Rural Research, 9(3), 360-374. [In Persian] Doi:10.22059/jrur.2018.237695.1138.
Emeafor, O. F., & Okpoko, P. U. (2018). Tourism and Agro-Processing Industries: A Qualitative Study of Abakaliki Rice Mill. International journal of Horticulture, Agriculture and Food Science, 2, 7-14. Doi:10.22161/ijhaf.2.2.2.
Ezkia, M. (1384/2005). An Introduction to the sociology of rural Development. Tehran: Etela’t. [In Persian].
Hanks, R. R. (2011). Encyclopedia of geography terms, themes, and concepts. Publisher: ABC-CLIO; Oklahoma State.
Kalantari, M., & Ghezelbash, S. (1388/2009). Identification of urban crime hotspots using graphical statistical models and GIS: A case study of robberies in Zanjan. Iranian Journal of  Crime Prevention Studies, 4(11), 77-91. [In Persian] http://cps.jrl.police.ir/article_13482.html
 Khajeh Shahkouei, A., Hesam, M., Cheraghi, M., & Ashour, H. (1392/2013). Site-selection and prioritization of the establishment of agro-processing industries in Golestan Province.  Iranian Journal of  Space Economy and Rural Development, 2(4), 25-41. [In Persian] http://serd.khu.ac.ir/article-1-1779-fa.html.
Kitchin, R., & Thrift, N. (2009). International encyclopedia of human geography: Elsevier. Netherland.
Mohammadi, A., Karami, H., Karimi Goghari, H., Karimi, Sh., & Shah Ali, A. (1397/2018). The effects of access to financial resources on investment growth in agro-processing industries. Iranian Journal of  Agricultural Economics Research, 10(1),111-132. [In Persian] http://jae.miau.ac.ir/article_2734.html.
Mussa, H. I., & Zhi Zhang, W. (2016). The Secret behind Strategic Information Management over the Success of Agro-Processing and Retail Industries-Case Study Wal-Mart. International journal of Global Economics, 4(204), 2.  Doi:10.4172/2375-4389.1000204.
Nazarian, A. (1388/2009). The dynamics of the urban system in Iran. Tehran: Mobtakaran. [In Persian].
Nouri Zamanabadi, S., & Ghaffari, S. (1387/2008). The position of rural women in the process of sustainable development: A case study of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province. Iranian Journal of  Village and Development, 9(3), 73-98. [In Persian] https://www.sid.ir/fa/Journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=68250.
Nowruzi, A. & Fathi, E. (1394/2015). Strategic planning for rural economy development in Lenjan County (with emphasis on entrepreneurship in agro-processing and complementary industries). Iranian Journal of Urban and Regional Studies, 7(27), 155-178. [In Persian] https://journals.ui.ac.ir/article_20157.html?lang.
Papoli Yazdi, M., & Rajabi Sanajerdi, H. (1382/2003). Theories of the cities and their suburbs, (1st ed.). Tehran: SAMAT. [In Persian].
Rezvani, M. R. (1381/2002). Rural Development Planning: Concepts, Strategies and Processes.  Iranian Journal of the Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Tehran, 52(164), 221-240. [In Persian] https:// journals. ut.ac. ir/article_13819.html.
Saeedi, A. (1378/1999). An introduction to rural geography, 2nd Ed., Tehran: Samat. [In Persian].
Sartipipour, M. (1384/2005). Indicators of rural housing architecture in Iran.  Iranian Journal of  Fine Arts, 22(22), 43-52. [In Persian] https://journals.ut.ac.ir/article_10737.html.
Shehrawat, P. S. (2006). Agro Processing Industries-A Challengeing Entrepreneurship For Rural Development. International Journal of Asia Entrepreneurship and Sustainability, 2(3), 111. http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/361152.
Shehrawat, P. S. (2007). Modalities for future prospects of small-scale agro-processing industries in India. International Journal of Business and Globalisation, 1(4), 544-552. Doi:10.1504/IJBG.2007.015411.
The website of the ‘Industry, Mining and Trade Organization of Guilan Province’ (1399/2020). Introduction of the province and capacities. [In Persian] https://gil.mimt.gov.ir/general_content/106627.
Toulabinejad, M., & Hosseinjani, A. (1397/2018). Optimal site-selection for rural agro-processing and complementary industries in the central district of Poldakhtar County using ANP and GIS, Iranian Journal of  Human Settlement Planning Studies, 13(3), 781-804. [In Persian] http:// jshsp. iaurasht. ac. ir/ article_ 545187.html.
Venkatachalam, A., & Sangeetha, K. (2020). An Overview Of Rural And Village Industries. International Journal For Research Analysis (GJRA), 8(12) http://www.Worldwidejournals.org/index. php/gra/article/ view/908/0.
Wang, G. (2019). Integration and Innovation of Rural Industries based on the Concept of Blockchain. In 1st International Conference on Business, Economics, Management Science (BEMS 2019). Atlantis Press.
Zahedian Tajnaki, R., Mojavarian, M., & Hosseini Yakani, A. (2019). Time or place? Which one is more effective in exploiting agro-processing and complementary industries?. Iranian Journal of  Agricultural Economics and Development, 33(3), 263-251. Doi: 10.22067/jead2.v33i3.75213.
Zaheri, M., Aghayari Hir, M., & Zakeri Mayab, K. (1394/2015). Prioritization of agro-processing and complementary industries in Azarshahr County with Delphi and TOPSIS composite method, Iranian Journal of Geography and Planning, 19 (51), 221-246. [In Persian] http:// jzpm. miau. ac.ir/ m/ article_ 2916.html?lang.
Zangiabadi, A., Fathi, E., and Izadi, M. (1390/2011). An analysis of the spatial distribution of agro-processing industries in the counties of Isfahan Province using IDIP.  Iranian Journal of Land Use Planning, 3(4), 5-22. [In Persian] https://jtcp.ut.ac.ir/article_23202.html.
Zhu, J., & Lin, N. (2018). The Experience and Enlightenment of the Integration of Rural Industries from France and Japan. In 2018 4th International Conference on Social Science and Higher Education (ICSSHE 2018). Atlantis Press.