Analysis of the Model of Sustainable Development Planning in Rural Economy of Iran (Case Study: Yazd Province)

Document Type : Scientific Articles


1 Meybod University

2 University of Tehran


Purpose- The present study was undertaken to explore the model of the sustainable development planning of rural economy in Yazd province.
Design/methodology/approach- This is an applied research that draws on an exploratory approach for data collection and is descriptive-analytical with regard to the description of characteristics. The main research instrument was a questionnaire coupled with semi-structured interviews. The statistical population of the study consisted of government actors in Yazd province, who were selected using multi-stage sampling method.
Findings- The findings of this research indicated that planning sustainable development of rural economy in Yazd province has been consistent with the rational approach in terms of characteristics and compatible with the operational planning in terms of pattern. The central planning process has been top-down, and therefore, the  local communities have not been involved in any of the planning processes.
Research limitations / implications-The dominance of the traditional views on planning and the absence of stakeholders and locals in the planning framework has led to seven decades of ineffective development programs in Iran. Therefore, changing the planning pattern from the traditional (rational) to new (interactive-communicative) approach, which would lead to decentralization and the establishment of a public involvement in the planning system, especially in rural development, can help cope with the shortcomings of seven decades of rural development programs in Iran in general, and Yazd province in particular.
Practical implications- Trusting people and utilizing the knowledge of rural people, especially the educated and young people, not only in planning but also in managerial positions such as district deputy in which the candidates are chosen among the local people, use of regional potentials such as Basij of Engineers to set up small knowledge-based circles at the city level and specialization of rural districts are some of the solutions that can trigger rural development under an interactive pattern.
Originality/value: It is also important to identify the model that is employed by the dominant approach to development planning in a country. Based on this model, many features such as the extent of concentration and the role of people in the planning system, the role of local potentials and the limitations in planning, the place of monitoring and evaluation, among other things, in fostering development can be identified.


1. Azimi Araei, A., & Noor Mohammadi, Kh. (2012). Iranian economy: development, planning, politics and culture. Tehran: Ney. [In Persian].
2. Behzad Nasab, J. A. (2010). Determining the desirable process of rural development planning in the country based on the communication planning approach. Journal of Village and Ddevelopment, 13 (4), 51-74. [In Persian].
3. Checkoway, B. (1994). Paul Davidoff and Advocacy Planning in Retrospect. American Planning Association Journal, 60 (2), 139–143.
4. Clavel, P. (1994). The evolution of advocacy planning, American Planning Association Journal, 60 (2), 146-149.
5. Derakhshan, M., & Mehrara, M. (2004). A glance at the issues of Iranian economy. Tehran: The Research Center of the Islamic Consultative Assembly. [In Persian].
6. Economic Research Department of Parliament. (2014), about the sixth development plan (2) the need to change attitudes to development, planning and budget committee and calculations, Tehran The Research Center of the Islamic Consultative Assembly.
7. Gamal, A. (2010). Appropriating Decentralization: How Urban Poverty Project Triggers Advocacy. University Of Illinois At Urbana-Champaign.
8. Ghadiri Ma'soum, M. & Aligholizadeh Firouzjaie, N. (2003). The position of village and agriculture in development plans before the Islamic Revolution of Iran. Journal of Geographical Research, 46 (3) , 115-130. [In Persian].
9. Gholipour, R.A., & Aghajani, R (2014). Review the development experience of Turkey with emphasis on development plans and its comparison with Iran. Paper presented at the Third Conference on the Islamic-Iranian Model of Progress, Analysis of Common Concepts and Theories of Development and the Experience of Iran and the World: Towards an Iranian- Islamic Theory of Progress (pp 1-16). Tehran: Publishing Center for Islamic-Iranian Model of Development. [In Persian].
10. Hall, P. (1994). Urban and Regional planning, London, England: Routledge.
11. Harwood, S. A. (2003). Environmental justice on the streets: advocacy planning as a tool to contest environmental racism. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 23 (24), 1-7.
12. Khadem Al-Husseini, A. & Arefipour, P. (2012). Participatory urbanism and the role of people in urban planning. Quarterly Journal of Human Resource Planning Studies (Geographical Perspective), 7 (19), 108-123. [In Persian].
13. Mahmoudi, W., & Majed, W. (2012). Sustainable urban development planning with core planning approach (a proposal for sustainable urban development planning in Tehran). Strategy, 21 (64), 43-72. [In Persian].
14. Marris, P. (1994). Advocacy planning as a bridge between the professional and the political. APA Journal, 60 (2), 143-146.
15. Ministry Of Development of Uganda. (2014). The Local Government Development Planning Guidelines, The Republic Of Uganda.
16. Mobayeni Dehkordi, A., & Salmanpour Khoei, M. (2006). Introduction to strategic planning and operational. Development Strategy, 6(16), 187-202. [In Persian].
17. Mousavi Jahromi, Y. (2012). Economic development and planning. (1st Ed.). Tehran: Payame Noor University Press. [In Persian].
18. Motewaseli, M., Momeni, F., Ranjbar, M.M., & Lajevardi, R. (2017). An opportunity to address the concept of planning in Iran. Journal of Parliament and Strategy, 24 (92), 255-278. [In Persian].
19. North, D. C. (2003). Understanding the process of economic change, institutional barriers to cconomic Change. Case considered.
20. Research Center of the Majles. (2011). Appropriate model for planning, decision making and planning concepts and definitions (1st Ed.). Tehran: Planning and Budget Office Publications. [In Persian].
21. Research Center of the Majles. (2014). A series of studies on optimal planning for Iran. Growth and Development of Land Use. Planning and Budget Organization (Planning Group). [In Persian].
22. Rezvani, M. R (2001). A glance at to the rural development planning system in Iran. Journal of Geographical Researches, 33 (41), 25-38. [In Persian].
23. Roknodin Eftekhari, A. R. & Sajad Qeidari. (2014). Rural development with emphasis on entrepreneurship (definitions, views, and experiences) (3rd Ed.). Tehran: SAMT. [In Persian].
24. Roknodin Eftekhari, A. R., Pourtaheri, M., Rahmani Fazli, A.A & Khalifeh, A. (2016). Analysis of pattern of spatial planning management in rural areas of Iran. case study: construction plans in rural areas of Tehran Province. Journal of Planning and Spatial Logistics, 20 (3), 33- 37. [In Persian].
25. Shakouri, A. (2012). Agricultural Development Policy in Iran. (5th Ed.). Tehran: SAMT. [In Persian].
26. Tofigh, F. (2004). Experience of several countries in planning with an emphasis on the experience of the former Soviet Union, France, India and South Korea. Tehran: The Institute of Management and Planning Education and Research. [In Persian].
27. Wu, F. (2007). Re-orientation of the city plan: Strategic planning and design competition in China. Geoforum Journal, 38 (2), 379-392.
28. Zahedi, M. J., Ghaffari, Gh., & Abrahamid Loye, A. (2012). Theoretical shortcomings of rural development planning in Iran, Journal of Rural Researches, 2 (4), 7-30. [In Persian].