Spatial Analysis and Evaluation of Rural Development (Case Study: Counties of Chaharmahal & Bakhtiyari)

Document Type : علمی

Authors

1 sShahid Chamran University of Ahvaz

2 Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz

Abstract

Purpose: For this purpose, first history and the studies done about this area was evaluated in order to spatially analyze the development of the rural society as the underpinning of the national plans based on multilateral development perspective.
Method: In this paper, by using a combination of descriptive, documental and developmental research methods and studying 76 variables in the form of 8 indices, it has been tried to analyze the condition of rural areas of Ch &B and classifying the towns in respect of development. Finally, by using GIS software and analyzing the data and also using overlapping index, it was tried to classifying the towns in respect of development indices in the map form.
Findings: With regarding to the effect of each pair-wise comparison and criteria in phase hierarchical analysis method, weight of the layers was also calculated. Finally, by using the results obtained from integrating the informational layers, development level was classified based on 9 item scale (9: high, 0: low). The results of this study show that there is a significant difference among the towns of this province, so that towns of the provinces Saman, Ben, Shahrekord, Farsan, Boroojen, Kiar, ardal, Lordegan and Koohrang are placed in 1 to9 scales, respectively.
Limitations/ Guidelines: with regarding to the structure, one of the wrong policies of development which is orientated toward urban interests is to reduce the distance between city and village in Ch&B. Deprived and so deprived villages are preferred in the plans and programs of rural development specially villages of Koohrang, Lordegan and Ardal.
Practical guidelines: If the rural development plans and services for solving the problems and improving the existing situation, independence and participation among the villagers will be enhanced.
Originality/ value: since there is little research about development in the studied area, then the results of this study should be employed as guideline for development plans for providing and implementing the purposeful programs about integrating and balancing the villages of Ch&BN.

Keywords