AAn assessment and analysis of indices and factors of sustainable rural housing (Case study: Rural areas in Central District of Ravansar County)

Document Type : علمی



Rural sustainable housing can be one of important indexes in development of rural. Compiling a program in rural sustainable housing district needs identify and analysis of the dimensions and various components of that and this indexes as a plan and essential tool for expression and sustainable of the different dimensions of social, economic and physical housing sustainable have a special place in rural house planning. The quantitative and qualitative status indexes show rural housing and improvement of house planning for a long term horizon. Therefore, identify the most important indexes and the viewing of specify and assessment of indexes and its viewing in rural different centers is an issue this study has raised to answer in its. Housing is something more than an alone physical shelter and all services and necessary public facilities, including for human welfare and must prepared a lien somewhat long and confident for its users. Housing is like physical facilities unit or similar an economic commodity and high durability that also has social role or group and in addition to these, including to resolving of financial needs as status views and also is socio - economic condition of individuals. One of the issues that the attention had shifted to its housing and sustainable development and consistent with its human development. In such the strategy for use of resources and facilities, without destruction are considering. The important that has been consider in the documents of second of meeting human settlements, importance of sustainable settlements and providing adequate housing is for people in the development process. Sustainable housing is housing that is economical appropriate, socially acceptable, Possible in terms of technical and physical and strong and consistent is with environment. The type of housing that the biological needs of current generations based on natural resources, energy efficiency meet and condition attractive neigh borhoods and safe for attention to ecological issues, cultural and economic to require is sustainable housing.

The research method in the study is descriptive –analytical and also measurable .The goal of this research is an application research that has been compound. For data collection two methods of library and documentary and also was used the field method and direct observation. The main tool of this research is a questionnaire which its content validity finally has been approved and reform by the university professor and experts of foundation housing.
The statistical society of the research is the heads of households housing units in Ravansar township Central district rural area (2351 people) , thus access to the logical volume of the sample of the Cochran,s formula was used that volume of statiscal society in Ravansar township Central district rural area, it was determined 200 the head of households to answer the questions of questionnaire .In the research for sampling in rurals were used class randomly method.

Complex issues of sustainable development, requires an integrated set and together of recommender (indexes) is in the form of indexes. The indexes should be integrated in the set are made of recommender. The indexes are designed with the global experiences, internal experiences, and proportional to area conditions (localization indexes). After determining indicators and the primary indicators of rural sustainable housing in the study area, to identify the primary the factors infrastructure of the primary indicators of the research was used factorial model. After determining the nature of the factors, for the sustainability of rural housing for the study area is determined; the primary indicators in each factor were combined and each factor as separate in one sample T test were analyzed .

The results from factorial model show that five factors of economic, welfare, the strength of foundation, compatible with the environment and utilization of effective factors are in sustainability of rural housing. The study of five factors show that economic factor, welfare and the strength of foundation are in somewhat stable condition while the compatible with environment and utilization factors are in unstable condition.

5- Suggestions
- More attentions to economic dimension of housing by facilitating qualifications for housing loans, reducing missionary payments for all of the villagers and paying grants to needy villagers.
- Education and promotion of rural subsistence actualities such as carpet weaving, dairy productions and etc to increase revenue and enhancing inscription of housing in rural livelihoods.
- Use of suitable endemic materials for reducing the cost of housing.
- Providing conductor design for villages to building new constructions in the framework of this project and causing no destruction in natural resources (jungles, grasslands and …).
- Trash placed in proper locations in studied villages as for unstable index of sensation of residential units in not producing waste materials and application of garbage collection machineries.