##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Saeed Mahmoudi Mahmoud Khoramivafa Moslem Hadidi Maryam Ahmadi Amir Jalali

Abstract

Purpose- Food security (FS) is defined as sustainable access to safe and nutritious food for a healthy and active life. The present study was designed to investigate and determine FS status of rural households and the relevant influential factors. It was conducted on 432 rural households in six subdistricts of two districts of Sarpolzahab, West of Iran, in 2016.


Design/methodology/approach- The samples were selected using random cluster sampling, and FS status was assessed using United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) household FS questionnaire. Therefore, both socio-economic questionnaire and the household FS questionnaire were completed during a face to face interview. Data were analyzed using the statistical software package SPSS-22. Chi-square, Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, and forward multiple logistic regression were used for data analysis.


Findings- Prevalence of food insecurity (FI) in all of the surveyed households was 65.3%, and household FS status between the subdistricts had a significant difference (P< 0.01). The results of the study showed that the prevalence of FI in the subdistricts of Posht-Tang and Sarab (83.3% and 76.4%, respectively) was higher than other subdistricts. Number of household’s members, land ownership, education of household’s head, activity status, and household’s income had significantly relationship with household FI (P< 0.01).


Practical implications- The high prevalence of FI is a major threat to the abnormal utilization of environmental resources in this realm. Therefore, given the impact of horticultural activities and diverse cultivation on household FS, macro and regional policies should be provided to increase the diversity of products through agroforestry and intercropping.


Original/value- This research presents the basic information on the FS status of rural households in Sarpolzahab and some related socio-economic factors the results of which can help planners and managers to implement interventions to improve the FS and welfare of rural households.

Article Details

Keywords

Food security, Food insecurity, Prevalence, Multiple cropping, Rural households

References
1. Ajani, S. R., Adebukola, B. C., & Oyindamola, Y. B. (2006). Measuring household food insecurity in selected local government areas of Lagos and Ibadan, Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 5(1), 62-67.
2. Anderson, S. A. (1990). The 1990 Life Sciences Research Office (LSRO) report on nutritional assessment defined terms associated with food access. Core indicators of nutritional state for difficult to sample populations. The Journal of nutrition (USA), 102, 1559-1660.
3. Babatunde, R., Omotesho, O., & Sholotan, O. S. (2007). Factors influencing food security status of rural farming households in North Central Nigeria. Agricultural Journal, 2(3), 351-357.
4. Ball, K., Crawford, D., & Mishra, G. (2006). Socio-economic inequalities in women's fruit and vegetable intakes: A multilevel study of individual, social, and environmental mediators. Public Health Nutrition, 9(5), 623-630.
5. Behera, R. N., Nayak, D. K., Andersen, P., & Måren, I. E. (2016). From jhum to broom: Agricultural land-use change and food security implications on the Meghalaya Plateau, India. Ambio, 45(1), 63-77.
6. Bernard, H. R. (2011). Research methods in anthropology: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. A division of Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. Lanham • New York • Toronto • Oxford.
7. Berry, E. M., Dernini, S., Burlingame, B., Meybeck, A., & Conforti, P. (2015). Food security and sustainability: Can one exist without the other? Public Health Nutrition, 18(13), 2293-2302.
8. Bickel, G., Nord, M., Price, C., Hamilton, W., & Cook, J. (2000). Guide to measuring household food security. U.S.: Department of Agriculture, Food, and Nutrition Service, Alexandria .
9. Campbell, C. C. (1991). Food insecurity: A nutritional outcome or a predictor variable? The Journal of Nutrition, 121(3), 408-415.
10. Chaput, J. P., Gilbert, J. A., & Tremblay, A. (2007). Relationship between food insecurity and body composition in Ugandans living in urban Kampala. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 107(11), 1978-1982.
11. De Haen, H. (2003). The state of food insecurity in the world 2003: Monitoring progress towards the world food summit and millennium development goals. FAO: Roma (Italia).
12. Furness, B. W., Simon, P. A., Wold, C. M., & Asarian-Anderson, J. (2004). Prevalence and predictors of food insecurity among low-income households in Los Angeles County. Public Health Nutrition, 7(6), 791-794.
13. Galobardes, B., Shaw, M., Lawlor, D. A., Lynch, J. W, & Smith, G. D. (2006). Indicators of socioeconomic position (part 1). Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 60(1), 7-12.
14. Gholami, A., & Foroozanfar, Z. (2015). Household food security status in the Northeast of Iran. Medical Journal of The Islamic Republic of Iran (MJIRI), 29(1), 541-547.
15. Gulliford, M. C., Mahabir, D., & Rocke, B. (2003). Food insecurity, food choices, and body mass index in adults: Nutrition transition in Trinidad and Tobago. International Journal of Epidemiology, 32(4), 508-516.
16. Holben, D. H., McClincy, M. C., Holcomb, J. P., Dean, K. L, & Walker, C. E. (2004). Food security status of households in appalachian Ohio with children in Head Start. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 104(2), 238-241.
17. Holmes, B. (2008). The influence of food security and other social and environmental factors on diet in the National Low Income Diet and Nutrition Survey. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 67(OCE2), E88.
18. Huddleston-Casas, C., Charnigo, R., & Simmons, L. A. (2009). Food insecurity and maternal depression in rural, low-income families: A longitudinal investigation. Public Health Nutrition, 12(08), 1133-1140.
19. Iran Department of Agriculture. (1390/2011). Studies of ministerial document formulation for Kermanshah. Report of Sarpolzahab. [In persian].
20. Kalavathi, S., Krishnakumar, V. P., Thomas, R. J., Thomas, G. V., & George, M. L. (2011). Improving food and nutritional security of small and marginal coconut growers through diversification of crops and enterprises. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics (JARTS), 111(2), 101-109.
21. Keino, S., Plasqui, G., & Van den Borne, B. (2014). Household food insecurity access: a predictor of overweight and underweight among Kenyan women. Agriculture & Food Security, 3(1), 1-8.
22. Kirk, S. F., Kuhle, S., McIsaac, J. L. D., Williams, P. L., Rossiter, M., Ohinmaa, A., & Veugelers, P. J. (2015). Food security status among grade 5 students in Nova Scotia, Canada and its association with health outcomes. Public Health Nutrition, 18(16), 2943-2951.
23. Knowles, M., Rabinowich, J., Cuba, S. E., Cutts, D. B., & Chilton, M. (2016). “Do you wanna breathe or eat?”: Parent perspectives on child health consequences of food insecurity, trade-offs, and toxic stress. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 20(1), 25-32.
24. Malkanthi, R. L. D. K., Silva, K. D. R. R., & Jayasinghe, J. M. U. K. (2011). Measuring household food security in subsistence paddy farming sector in Sri Lanka: Development of household food insecurity index (HFSI). Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 70(OCE4), E207 (201 pages).
25. Martin, K. S., Colantonio, A. G., Picho, K., & Boyle, K. E. (2016). Self-efficacy is associated with increased food security in novel food pantry program. SSM-Population Health, 2, 62-67.
26. Mohammadi, F., Omidvar, N., Houshiar Rad, A., Mehrabi, Y., & Abdollahi, M. (2008). Association of food security and body weight status of adult members of Iranian households. Iranian Journal of Nutrition Sciences & Food Technology, 3(2), 41-53.
27. Mohammadzadeh, A., Dorosty, A., & Eshraghian, M. (2010). Household food security status and associated factors among high-school students in Esfahan, Iran. Public Health Nutrition, 13(10), 1609-1613.
28. Nord, M., & Prell, M. A. (2011). Food security improved following the 2009 ARRA increase in SNAP benefits. US: Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service Washington, DC.
29. Payab, M., Motlagh, A. R., Eshraghian, M., Rostami, R., & Siassi, F. (2014). The association of family food security and depression in mothers having primary school children in Ray-Iran. Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders, 13(1), 65.
30. Piaseu, N., & Mitchell, P. (2004). Household food insecurity among urban poor in Thailand. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 36(2), 115-121.
31. Quandt, S. A., Arcury, T. A., Early, J., Tapia, J., & Davis, J. D. (2004). Household food security among migrant and seasonal latino farmworkers in North Carolina. Public Health Reports, 119(6), 568-576.
32. Radhakrishna, R., & Reddy, K. V. (2004). Food security and nutrition: Vision 2020. Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai. http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/genrep/ bkpap2020/16_bg2020.pdf.
33. Rafiei, M., Nord, M., Sadeghizadeh, A., & Entezari, M. H. (2009). Assessing the internal validity of a household survey-based food security measure adapted for use in Iran. Nutrition Journal, 8(1), 1-11.
34. Rodriguez, L., Horowitz, M., Espinoza, D., Aguilera, A., Torre, A., & Kaiser, L. L. (2016). The impact of the California drought on food security among rural families of Mexican origin. Journal of Applied Research on Children: Informing Policy for Children at Risk, 6(2), 1-24.
35. Sharafkhani, R., Dastgiri, S., Gharaaghaji Asl, R., & Ghavamzadeh, S. (2011). Factors influencing household food security status. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 2, 31-34.
36. Sharafkhani, R., Dastgiri, S., Gharaaghaji, R., Ghavamzadeh, S., & Didarloo, A. (2010). The role of household structure on the prevalence of food insecurity. European Journal of General Medicine, 7(4), 385-388.
37. Shariff, Z. M., & Lin, K. G. (2004). Indicators and nutritional outcomes of household food insecurity among a sample of rural Malaysian women. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 3(1), 50-55.
38. Stuff, J. E., Horton, J. A, Bogle, M. L., Connell, C., Ryan, D., Zaghloul, S., Thornton, A., Simpson, P., Gossett, J., & zeto, K. (2003). High prevalence of food insecurity and hunger in households in the rural Lower Mississippi Delta. The Journal of rural health: official journal of the American Rural Health Association and the National Rural Health Care Association, 20(2), 173-180.
39. Tester, J. M., Laraia, B. A., Leung, C. W., & Mietus-Snyder, M. L. (2016). Peer reviewed: Dyslipidemia and food security in low-income US adolescents: National health and nutrition examination survey, 2003–2010. Preventing Chronic Disease, 13(22), 1-10.
40. Thornton, L. E., Bentley, R. J., & Kavanagh, A. M. (2011). Individual and area-level socioeconomic associations with fast food purchasing. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 65(10), 873-880.
41. Thornton, L. E, Pearce, J. R., & Ball, K. (2014). Sociodemographic factors associated with healthy eating and food security in socio-economically disadvantaged groups in the UK and Victoria, Australia. Public Health Nutrition, 17(1), 20-30.
42. Townsend, M. S., Peerson, J., Love, B., Achterberg, C., & Murphy, S. P. (2001). Food insecurity is positively related to overweight in women. The Journal of Nutrition, 131(6), 1738-1745.
43. Wehler, C. A., Scott, R. I., & Anderson, J. J. (1992). The community childhood hunger identification project: A model of domestic hunger—demonstration project in Seattle, Washington. Journal of Nutrition Education, 24(1), 29S-35S.
44. Zalilah, M.S., & Tham, B. L. (2002). Food security and child nutritional status among Orang Asli (Temuan) households in Hulu Langat, Selangor. The Medical Journal of Malaysia, 57(1), 36-50.
How to Cite
MahmoudiS., KhoramivafaM., HadidiM., AhmadiM., & JalaliA. (2020). Food Security Status among Rural Households in Sarpolzahab and its Association with Socio-Economic and Agricultural Factors. Journal of Research and Rural Planning, 9(2), 35-47. https://doi.org/10.22067/jrrp.v9i2.80003
Section
Scientific Articles